Being the cultural, economic and political center, as well as the capital of Estonia, Tallinn is one of the biggest, oldest and significant cities of the Baltics. The historical legacy of Tallinn, as well as the other capitals of the Baltic region can be clearly seen in the Old Town, but the Old Town of Tallinn, in particular, is different from the others with its unique structure and the untouched appearance that almost hasn’t changed throughout the ages, which can be seen in this stream.
The view also includes the National Opera “Estonia” and the park Taamsaare, which is the largest park in Tallinn after the Kadrioru park. Having been built in 1913, the building, which was the biggest building in Tallinn at the moment, is another indicator of the city’s architectural diversity and cultural heritage of the capital of the Estonian capital. In contrast to the Old Town, the building had been almost completely destroyed after the bombardment in 1944 and had been renovated in 1947.
As for the Old Town of the Estonian capital, the historical part of Tallinn is one of the most remarkable not only in the Baltic region but in the whole Northern Europe. The reason for that is the unusual structure of it – since the Medieval times, the town has been divided into two main parts: the lower part was reserved for ordinary citizens, merchants and craftsmen, while the Upper Town (Toompea) was home to the noble. The Toompea is also the place of the concentration of state’s vital governmental buildings, including the parliament. Apart from a peculiar layout, it is one of the very few medieval European towns that did not only survive the World War II but is also the only Hanseatic town that shows all the historical legacy of the once great trade union.
The Old Town is definitely enthralling for everyone, but there are loads of details that will be noticeable for the citizens of fellow Baltic cities, especially Riga. Just like the Latvian capital, Tallinn has the house of the Blackheads, which, apart from its Latvian brother (or any brother from any Hanseatic city), was never destroyed and is still standing, providing the prime example of the city’s exuberant history. This is just one of the few similarities between the two major Baltic cities.
Between the Opera and the Old Town lies the Estonia Boulevard – one of the key transport arteries of the city, which is home of the previously mentioned National Opera, as well as the Bank of Estonia and the Central Library in Tallinn. That complex of buildings, which vary from the cozy wonders of the Old Town to magnificent monumentality such as the Opera, shows the constant growth and development of Tallinn.
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